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WHAT IS ORTHODONTICS?
Orthodontists specialize in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dentofacial irregularities. Orthodontists receive advanced academic training. At first, they must complete four or five years of dentistry study at a university recognized by the Canadian Dental Association. They must then successfully complete a two-to-three-year residency in orthodontics. Their post-graduate studies cover topics such as genetics, embryology, biophysics and the growth and development of the human body. Only dentists who have successfully completed such training can call themselves orthodontists.
Orthodontics can correct the following:
- Over-bite or under-bite
- Long face
- Excessively gummy smiles
- Too much (or not enough) spacing between teeth
- Lips that do not close completely
- Asymmetrical smiles
- Cleft lip and/or palate (harelip)